Facts and figures 

  • CASSANDRA = Common Assessment and analysis of risk in global supply chains
  • The three-year project CASSANDRA is part of the European Commission’s Seventh Framework programme for Security
  • CASSANDRA kicked off in June 2011 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands
  • The CASSANDRA consortium comprises of 26 innovative industry leaders in the fields of Supply Chain Management, Logistics, IT, and Customs
  • There are 26 CASSANDRA partners, from 9 different countries with a total budget of 15 million euro
  • 60% of total budget will be spend directly on innovation whilst 24% of budget is used to demonstrate the CASSANDRA concept in Living Labs

Data sharing

To provide supply chain partners and government authorities with accurate, reliable and timely data, CASSANDRA will develop a data-sharing concept. This data-sharing concept can be visualized as a data pipeline that connects entities and gathers and distributes data according to predefined conditions.

Customs and International trade system

To indicate how information is gathered and shared in supply chains the current customs and trade system is drafted in the first figure below. It shows the physical movement of cargo in the physical layer at the bottom. The organisational layer controls the physical layer and makes the different transactions involved in a regular supply chain. The data and document layer shows some, not all, of the documents that are involved in the transaction. Mainly customs related documents are shown here, but also commercial data such as order information, packing list and invoices can be added. All the information that is contained in this layer is captured in numerous documents of different formats, with different senders and receivers and data ownership is not always clear. All parties in the organisational layer hold a subset of the supply chain information so not one party has full end-to-end visibility and reliability of some data remains unclear. Above all these layers are the regulatory bodies of exporting and importing countries. These government authorities rely on different chain partners for different sets of information.

Because the current system of data sourcing and sharing does not always result in accurate, reliable and timely information, a new concept of data sharing was introduced in CASSANDRA. Next to bringing better visibility, this concept of data sharing also supports and facilitates the Risk Based Auditing approach. The ‘data pipeline’ replaces the different sets of information held in the different types of documents, both commercial data and container tracking data. All partners in the supply chain feed their transaction related data in this pipeline. This data then comes available to other partners in the chain and to related government authorities, where it can be used in valuable risk assessments.

CASSANDRA’s data pipeline concept

The global data pipeline was CASSANDRA’s one of the realized innovations and the primary infrastructure to achieve connectivity to accurate source data. This part was realised according to an elaborated pipeline architecture and demonstrated usability within the different living labs by using several configurations. These configurations integrated multiple different existing IT systems (including business and port community systems already integrating parts of the chain data), economic actors’ back-office systems, and data captured by mobile sensor technology, like container security devices (CSD). For visualization and demonstration purposes CASSANDRA also developed a range of dashboards serving the different needs of various users: authority’s dashboards for customs and other authorities as well as business dashboards for commercial purposes.
By introducing the pipeline concept enhanced supply chain visibility was achieved and the DASC methodology – Data Analysis in Supply Chains – was developed in one of the Living Labs. In brief, this methodology might be used to create an inventory of the existing level of supply chain visibility by aligning the supply chain with events and linking references between diverse identification levels, like the purchase order, shipment, consignment, container, vessel/vehicle, and corresponding statuses like commercial releases or customs status. Moreover DASC identifies corresponding data sources, connections and missing elements.




Project is finalised


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 261795

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